While the situationists were playful, they were not playing around. By late 1967, the university of Nanterre, just outside th. Shia Muslims believe that just as a prophet is appointed by God alone, only God has the prerogative to appoint the successor to his prophet. They believe God chose Ali to be Muhammad’s successor, infallible, the first caliph (khalifa, head of state) of Islam.The Shias believe that Muhammad designated Ali…